Prime the Organization to Be Your Partner
One purpose of design is to foster change within an organization. If someone in your organization has discovered something that appears to be broken—whether in your current product, a process, or a system—reaching a meaningful solution is unlikely unless there’s a willingness to embrace change.
In practice, this is often easier to say than to do. Even welcome, necessary changes tend to be disruptive—as experienced UX designers understand. Much of our work focuses on maintaining patience and empathy throughout the change process. The issues at play have likely formed over years—or even decades! Expecting immediate change, even once an organization acknowledges a problem, may be unrealistic.
Organizational leadership can also help set a positive, productive tone by preparing the organization in advance and actively partnering with UX designers to speak to the value of the work UX professionals are doing. All stakeholders should invest time and effort in developing workable solutions over time.
Remember, it is not the job of design teams—whether in house or from a consultancy—to keep everyone comfortable and maintain the status quo. It may be helpful to bear the following in mind:
- for departments or organizations—It can be challenging to remain patient and open-minded as the design team explores a problem space. There might be times when the work that is unfolding feels difficult. Resist the urge to become reactive. If you stay the course, you’ll likely reap benefits far beyond what you initially envisioned, by gaining a deeper understanding of what problems are in play and how significant they are, as well as their potential solutions.
- for UX designers and product teams—Stakeholders might think the work is moving too fast or not quickly enough. Understand that their questions can often be an attempt to understand an unfamiliar process. Building trust takes time, so learn the language of your organization and frame your work in a way that resonates with stakeholders.
Problems can also evolve over time. For example, a cross-functional team I worked with received a directive to reduce the average handle time (AHT) for calls to a major retailer’s customer-support centers. Through our discovery work and on-site visits, we gradually uncovered a range of other issues—from callers frequently being placed on hold to agents having difficulty in locating the order a customer was calling about.
With these insights in hand, the team began developing a new software application to ease support agents’ painpoints. However, we knew that technology alone wouldn’t provide a complete solution. Along the way, we continually partnered with call-center operations to ensure that we remained in alignment with them as we developed solutions and that agents received the training and support they needed when we introduced the new application.
Our initial data suggested that AHT was dropping, which could yield a significant reduction in operational expenses. But the new technology had the potential to do far more. Agents, at any level, can now easily access information that enables them to provide better customer service. New features of the application let agents take action and immediately resolve customers’ concerns—for example, by reshipping a missing order or letting customers know their order will arrive in multiple packages. Not only have these features improved the customer experience, they potentially offer multimillion-dollar savings by reducing callbacks, unnecessary order reships, and the need to offer customers refunds.
Have a Dream and Tell a Story
What’s the vision that drives your work? What great things are you hoping to achieve? Looking into the future, where do you want to be?
Both UX professionals and the companies for which they work should be able to answer these questions. Horst Schulze, cofounder of The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, put it this way in an HBR IdeaCast interview: “We don’t ask people to come to work and fulfill a function. We ask them to be part of our dream.”
Too often, an organization’s or team’s dream is either poorly articulated, not articulated at all, or there is misalignment between the articulated vision and the lived reality. In his book Unlocking the Hidden Customer Experience, global thought leader Colin Shaw notes that many organizations fail to recognize how the emotional engagement of both their employees and their customers affects a company’s overall performance.
This emotional dimension of business is too important to leave to chance. Paying intermittent, infrequent attention to emotional engagement is not enough. Organizations must intentionally create and change their culture. In other words, they must design culture.
Who designed your organization’s culture? Chances are that it wasn’t a single individual. Perhaps it wasn’t deliberately designed at all. Perhaps it formed by happenstance, over a period of many months or years. In any case, there’s never a bad time for honestly, candidly assessing where your culture currently stands. Is there a dream that everyone in your organization could get behind? Is there a story that everyone wants to tell?
Once the foundation of culture is in place, you can work together to articulate a dream and build your organization’s future. Intentional design can help you get there.